Unit 02 初识词汇

单词识记

peer:

  • 【n.】同龄人;同等地位的人;贵族
  • 【vt.】 仔细看;费力地看

词组

  • gaze at:凝视;注视
  • stare at:盯;凝视
  • glare at:长久地怒视;瞪着

同义词

  • contemporary n. 同代人

issue:

  • 【v.】发行,发表;发布;发,发放
  • 【n.】问题;( 报刊的 )期、号、版次

形近词

  • tissue n. 组织;薄的纱织品;面巾纸

claim:

  • 【v.】要求;声称;断言;索取
  • 【n.】要求; 声称; 断言; 索赔; 提要求的权利;(拥有或获得某物的)权利

形近词

  • proclaim v.宣布;声明;公布;明确表示
  • disclaim v.放弃;拒绝承认;否认
  • acclaim v.欢呼;称赞;宣布;欢呼;喝彩

词组

  • lay claim to:对……提出所有权要求

同义词

  • allege v. (未提出证据而)断言;指称;声称
  • contend v. 声称;主张
  • assert v. 声称;断言

patent:

  • 【v.】 取得……的专利权;授予专利
  • 【adj.】专利的;明显的
  • 【n.】专利;专利权;专利品

[词组]

  • intellectual property:知识产权

court:

  • 【n.】法院,法庭;球场;庭院

形近词

  • courteous adj.有礼貌的
  • courtesy: courtesy seat,
    courtesy phone
  • empathy: the ability to understand other people’s feelings

line

  • 【n】线,绳;路线,航线;线路,电线;排,行;界线,边线
  • 【v】排队;加衬,做里子

形近词 (n.)

  • guideline 指导方针
  • deadline 最后期限
  • baseline 基线,底线
  • airline 航线,航空公司
  • coastline 海岸线
  • headline 大标题,头版头条新闻
  • discipline 纪律;学科;训练;惩罚
  • outline (n.) 轮廓;大纲;概要 (v.) 概述
  • friendliness (n.) 友善,亲密
  • loneliness (n.) 孤独 lonely alone
  • on-line (a.)线上的,在线的
  • off-line (a.)线下的,离线的
  • linen (a. / n.) 亚麻布(的)
  • lineage (n.) 血统;家系;世系 kin kinship
  • decline (v. / n.) 下降; (vt.) 婉拒
  • incline (v.) 倾斜;倾向;易于 ~ to
  • be subject to / be prone to / be apt to / be liable to / defer to / yield to
  • underline (v.) 在…底下划线;强调 = stress / emphasize

value:

  • 【n.】价格;价值;实用性;重要性
  • 【v.】评价,估计;尊重,重视

形近词

  • overvalue v.对…估价过高;过分重视
  • devalued adj. 贬值的

同义词

  • worth n. 价值;财产

近义词

  • significance n. 意义;重要性

view:

  • 【n.】观点;视点;景色;眼界
  • 【v.】视为;看待;观察

形近词

  • interview n.面试;面谈;接见;采访 v.采访;接见;对……进行面试
  • viewer n.电视观众;观察者;指示器

  • review n.评论;回顾;复习;评审;审查 v.回顾;检查;复习功课;写评论
  • worldview n. 世界观
  • in view of:鉴于,考虑到;由于
  • in view:在能看见的范围内;在考虑之中
  • on view:在展出;在容易看见的地方
  • take sth. in view = take sth. into account 把…拿来考虑

同义词

  • perspective n. 观点;(尤指受到某种思想、经验影响的) 思考方法;态度;角度;透视画法

individual:

  • 【adj.】个人的;单独的;独特的
  • 【n.】个人,个体

形近词

  • individually adv. 个别地,单独地

反义词

  • collective adj. 集体的;共同的;集合的

economic:

  • 【adj.】经济 ( 上 ) 的,经济学的

形近词

  • uneconomic adj. 不经济的;不赢利的
  • economics n. 经济学
  • economically adv. 节约地,节俭地
  • socioeconomic adj. 社会经济的

词组

  • fiscal cliff:财政悬崖
  • IMF:国际货币基金组织 (International Monetary Fund)

近义词

  • financial adj. 金融的;财务
  • fiscal adj. 财政的;国库的
  • monetary adj. 货币的

create:

  • 【v.】创造,创作;引起,造成;建立
  • creature n. 人;生物;动物
  • creative adj. 创造的;有创造力的;创造性的;启发想象力的
  • recreate v. 再创造;再建;重现
  • creativity n. 创造力;创造
  • creation n. 创造, 创立;创作;创造物,作品
  • creationism n. 创造宇宙说;创世论;神造说
  • creationist n. 创世论者;造物主义者
  • procreation n. 生育;生殖

legal:

  • 【adj.】法律的;合法的;正当的

形近词

  • illegal adj.非法的;违法的 n.非法移民

同义词

  • lawful adj. 合法的;法定的
  • legitimate adj. 合法的;合情理的 v.使( 尤其坏事) 合法化

consider:

  • 【v.】认为;把……看作;考虑;细想;体谅;照顾

形近词

  • consideration n. 体贴;关心;考虑;要考虑的事;报酬;补偿费
  • reconsider v. 重新考虑
  • considerable adj. 相当大 ( 或多 )的
  • considering prep.考虑到;就……而论;鉴于

词组

  • consider … as:把……视作;把…看作

单词应用

peer [n] 同龄人

  • 2007 年阅读 Text 2
  • Superhigh scores like vos Savant’s are no longer possible, because scoring is now based on a statistical population distribution among age peers, rather than simply dividing the mental age by the chronological age and multiplying by 100.

peer [v] 仔细看

  • 2007 年阅读 Text 4
  • Several massive leakages of customers and employee data this year … have left managers hurriedly peering into their intricate IT systems and business processes in search of potential vulnerability.

issue [v] 发,发放

  • 2006年阅读新题型
  • The casino issued to him, as a good customer, a “Fun Card”, which when used in the casino earns points for meals and drinks, and enables the casino to track the user’s gambling activities.

tissue n. 组织;薄的纱织品;面巾纸

  • 2008年阅读 Text 3
  • Growth, which rarely continues beyond the age of 20, demands calories and nutrients—notably, protein—to feed expanding tissues.

disclaim v. 放弃;拒绝承认;否认;放弃权利

  • 2008年翻译
  • He disclaimed the possession of any great quickness of apprehension or wit, such as distinguished Huxley.

acclaim [v]称赞

  • 2010年阅读新题型
  • At any rate, this change will ultimately be acclaimed by an ever-growing number of both domestic and international consumers, regardless of how long the current consumer pattern will take hold.

patent [n] 专利

  • 2010 年阅读 Text 2
  • Over the past decade, thousands of patents have been granted for what are called business methods.

court [n] 法院

  • 2013 年阅读 Text 4
  • On a five to three vote, the Supreme Court knocked out much of Arizona’s immigration law Monday—a modest policy victory for the Obama Administration.

hardline adj. 强硬的

  • 2010年阅读Text 4
  • In Wisconsin the unions have rallied thousands of supporters against Scott Walker, the hardline Republican governor.

decline v./n. 下降 衰退减少

  • 2013年阅读 Text 3
  • Look up Homo sapiens in the “Red List” of threatened species of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ,and you will read: “Listed as Least Concern as the species is very widely distributed, adaptable, currently increasing, and there are no major threats resulting in an overall population decline.”

outline n.轮廓;大纲;概要;略图

  • 2008年阅读新题型
  • Be flexible. Your outline should smoothly conduct you from one point to the next, but do not permit it to railroad you. If a relevant and important idea occurs to you now, work it into the draft.

lineage [n]血统

  • 2009年阅读Text 2
  • Yet most ancestry testing only considers a single lineage, either the Y chromosome inherited through men in a father’s line or mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down only from mothers.

overvalue v. 对……估价过高;过分重视

  • 2010年阅读Text 4
  • It was banks that were on the wrong planet, with accounts that vastly overvalued assets.

Interview [n] 面试

  • 2004年阅读Text 2
  • Shortlists for job interviews, election ballot papers, lists of conference speakers and attendees: all tend to be drawn up alphabetically, and their recipients lose interest as they plough through them.

perspective [n]角度

  • 2013 年阅读Text 3 * This long perspective makes the pessimistic view of our prospects seem more likely to be a passing fad.
  • Fad = mad

collective [adj] 集体的;共同的

  • 2012年阅读Text 3
  • But it takes collective scrutiny and acceptance to transform a discovery claim into a mature discovery.

economic [adj] 经济的

  • 2009 年阅读 Text 3
  • We have to suspect that continuing economic growth promotes the development of education even when governments don’t force it.

financial [adj]财务的

  • 2015年阅读Text 2
  • A smart phone may contain an arrestee’s reading history, financial history, medical history and comprehensive records of recent correspondence.

considerable [adj] 相当大(或多) 的

  • 2008年翻译
  • Up to the age of thirty or beyond it poetry of many kinds gave him great pleasure. Formerly, too, pictures had given him considerable, and music very great, delight.

considering [prep]考虑到;就…而论

  • 2011年阅读Text 4
  • No shock there, considering how much work it is to raise a kid without a partner to lean on; yet to hear Sandra and Britney tell it, raising a kid on their “own” (read: with round-the-clock help) is a piece of cake.

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